Knowledge About Portal Video Game
1. Darwin (programming game) of portal video game
Darwin was a programming game invented in August 1961 by Victor A. Vyssotsky, Robert Morris Sr., and M. Douglas McIlroy. (Dennis Ritchie is sometimes incorrectly cited as a co-author, but was not involved.) The game was developed at Bell Labs, and played on an IBM 7090 mainframe there. The game was only played for a few weeks before Morris developed an "ultimate" program that eventually brought the game to an end, as no-one managed to produce anything that could defeat it
2. Robot Battle of portal video game
Robot Battle is a programming game developed in 1991 by Blue Cow Software for the Apple Macintosh where players design and code adaptable battling robots. Its idea is similar to RobotWar. The concept of the game was invented by Toby Smith in a BASIC program "when people with 512K of RAM and two floppy drives were power-users", as he states in the game manual.
The game consists of a battleground and two robots. Before the game starts, each robot is preprogrammed using a BASIC-like language called RIPPLE ("Robot Instructional Programming Language"). 099 humans can also be placed into the battleground to throw the robots with hand grenades. The programs are checked for syntax and the game starts. The robot to survive the longer is the winner.
The RIPPLE language programs consist of logic commands, such as flow of control statements; and action commands, that actually make the robot perform an action, such as fire a weapon. To perform one action command takes the same time as to perform 99 logic commands.
3. Club career of portal video game
Sport Boys18-year old Herrera moved to Sport Boys from Universidad San Martn in 2018 and scored in his first game for the club's reserve team in February 2018, one day after his 19th birthday, against the reserve team of Real Garcilaso.
Herrera got his professional debut for Sport Boys on 20 August 2018 against Sport Rosario. Herrera was in the line up, but was replaced in the half time. He made a total of six appearances in the Peruvian Primera Divisin and scored one goal in the 2018 season.
He was promoted permanently in to the first team squad ahead of the 2019 season. In December 2019, Herrera revealed that they had been interest from FBC Melgar, but he wanted to stay at Sport Boys at least until his contract expired in 2021. Herrera ended the 2019 season with 16 games and one goal in the Peruvian Primera Divisin. In the beginning of the 2020 season, he got injured.
4. Other uses of portal video game
August (company), a Japanese video game company
August, California, a census-designated place in San Joaquin County, California, United States
August Home, a home automation company known for door locks
Auguste (ship), a Canadian ship that sank in 1761
Auguste, a clumsy, happy circus clown
5. Biography of portal video game
C. M. Rubin was born in Georgetown, Guyana. She is the second child in a family of 6 children, all of whom live in England except for her. Her mother is of Portuguese and Irish descent, and her father is of Scottish and English descent.
After the independence of Guyana from Great Britain, C. M. and her family migrated to the United States, and from there, moved to various countries where C. M.'s father was working, including Zambia, South Africa, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and the United Arab Emirates. She went to school in many of these countries and eventually matriculated in Sacred Heart preparatory school in England. After graduating from Sacred Heart, she attended the University of Worcester and studied under the prominent dancer and choreographer Joan Russell.
After leaving Worcester, she worked for Lew Grade at ITC Entertainment. Later, she became Marketing and PR Director for the video division of Columbia Pictures in the UK. In 1988, she moved to New York City and became Director of PR and Marketing for GoodTimes Entertainment. While at a film industry conference, C. M. met Harry M. Rubin, founding partner of Boston Beer Company, who was then a senior executive at NBC. They were married in 1990. In 1992, Harry and C. M. Rubin created and launched the award winning board game, Let's Buy Hollywood. Proceeds from the game were donated to children's charities around the world.
6. Description of portal video game
The game consisted of a program called the umpire and a designated section of the computer's memory known as the arena, into which two or more small programs, written by the players, were loaded. The programs were written in 7090 machine code, and could call a number of functions provided by the umpire in order to probe other locations within the arena, kill opposing programs, and claim vacant memory for copies of themselves.
The game ended after a set amount of time, or when copies of only one program remained alive. The player who wrote the last surviving program was declared winner.
Up to 20 memory locations within each program (fewer in later versions of the game) could be designated as protected. If one of these protected locations was probed by another program, the umpire would immediately transfer control to the program that was probed. This program would then continue to execute until it, in turn, probed a protected location of some other program, and so forth.
While the programs were responsible for copying and relocating themselves, they were forbidden from altering memory locations outside themselves without permission from the umpire. As the programs were executed directly by the computer, there was no physical mechanism in place to prevent cheating. Instead, the source code for the programs was made available for study after each game, allowing players to learn from each other and to verify that their opponents hadn't cheated.
The smallest program that could reproduce, locate enemies and kill them consisted of about 30 instructions. McIlroy developed a 15-instruction program that could locate and kill enemies but not reproduce; while not very lethal, it was effectively unkillable, as it was shorter than the limit of 20 protected instructions. In later games the limit on protected instructions was lowered because of this.
The "ultimately lethal" program developed by Morris had 44 instructions, and employed an adaptive strategy. Once it successfully located the start of an enemy program, it would probe some small distance ahead of this location. If it succeeded in killing the enemy, it would remember the distance and use it on subsequent encounters. If it instead hit a protected location, then the next time it gained control it chose a different distance. Any new copies were initialized with a successful value. In this way, Morris's program evolved into multiple subspecies, each specifically adapted to kill a particular enemy.
7. Culture of portal video game
In film and televisionAugust (1996 film), an adaptation of Anton Chekhov's play Uncle Vanya directed by and starring Anthony Hopkins
August (2008 film), a film starring Josh Hartnett and Naomie Harris
August (2011 film), a film starring Murray Bartlett
"August" (Fringe episode), a 2009 episode of the television series Fringe
August (Fringe character)
Dan August, a 1970-71 American television series
August Booth, a character in the U.S. TV series Once Upon a Time
August: Osage County (film), a 2013 film (based on the 2007 play) starring Meryl Streep, Dermot Mulroney, Julia RobertsIn literature and publications"August", a poem by John Updike
August (Rossner novel), a 1983 novel by Judith Rossner
August (Woodward novel), a 2001 novel by Gerard Woodward
August: Osage County, a 2007 Pulitzer Prize-winning play by Tracy LettsIn musicAugust (band), a Thai boy band
The August, an American country rock band
August (Eric Clapton album), 1986
August (Elevator album), 2005
"August", a song by Love from Four Sail, 1969
"August", a song by Avail from Over the James, 1998
"August", a song by Taylor Swift from Folklore, 2020
8. Music of portal video game
Giovanni Matteo Mario (18101883), Italian opera singer
Mario Caldato Jr. (born 1961), American record producer
Mario (singer) (born 1986)
Mario (album), a 2002 album by Mario
"Mario (Your Own Way to Paradise)", a 1983 song by Bow Wow Wow from When the Going Gets Tough, The Tough Get Going
9. Places of portal video game
Wheatley (crater), on Venus
Wheatley, Ontario, Canada
Wheatley, Hampshire, England
Wheatley, Oxfordshire, England
Wheatley railway station
Wheatley, West Yorkshire, now Ben Rhydding, England
North and South Wheatley, Nottinghamshire, England
South Wheatley, Cornwall, England
Wheatley, Arkansas, U.S.